A skin lesion also known as a dermal lesion refers to any change in the appearance of the skin as compared to the skin around it. There are two categories of skin lesions that is primary and secondary. Primary skin lesions can be present from birth, hereditary or acquired over time due to skin infection while secondary skin lesions occur when the primary skin lesion is manipulated or irritated.
Infection of the skin is the most common cause of skin lesions. Some skin lesions are present from birth such as birthmarks and others are hereditary such as freckles and moles. Some can occur due to allergic reactions such as allergic eczema and contact dermatitis.
Secondary skin lesions develop when primary skin lesions are irritated. Some of secondary skin lesions are;
Treatment for skin lesions depend on the cause and type of lesion. Treatments range from oral medications, topical applications and surgical removal.
These two types of treatment mainly treat infections, inflammation and protect the affected area. They also help in the relief of itching, pain and the burning sensation caused by the dermal lesion.
Incase a skin lesion is infected the infection has to be cleared first before opting for surgery. Some of the skin lesions that might require surgical removal are moles which change over time and malformed blood vessels known as hemangioma. They are usually removed through laser surgery.
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