A skin lesion also known as a dermal lesion refers to any change in the appearance of the skin as compared to the skin around it. There are two categories of skin lesions which include primary and secondary lesions. Primary skin lesions can be present from birth or acquired over time due to skin infection while secondary skin lesions occur when the primary skin lesion is manipulated or irritated.
Here, we will learn about the types of skin lesions and their effective treatment so that you can find the best solution to get rid of them.
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Causes of Skin Lesions
Infection of the skin is the most common cause of skin lesions. Some skin lesions are present from birth such as birthmarks while others are hereditary such as freckles and moles. Some lesions can also occur due to allergic reactions such as allergic eczema.
Primary Skin Lesions
- Macule: it has defined borders. It is flat and can be brown, red, white, or tan in color.
- Bulla: it has a large vesicle of over 5mm in diameter.
- Vesicle: this is a large fluid-filled blister that is elevated with well-demarcated borders but is less than 5mm in diameter,
- Pustule: it contains purulent material and is similar in appearance to a bulla or vesicle.
- Nodule: it is elevated, firm to touch and easily palpable.
- Plaque: it is elevated, flat, rough in texture, firm to touch, and irregular in shape.
- Wheal: it may come and go and appears as an irregularly shaped area of the edematous skin. It is also irregular in size and maybe red, pink, or white in color.
- Telangiectacia: found near the surface of the skin and is a small dilated blood vessel.
- Rash: they cover small or large areas on the skin and can be caused by allergic reactions.
Secondary Skin Lesions
Secondary skin lesions develop when primary skin lesions are irritated. Some of the secondary skin lesions are;
- Scale: they are patches of skin cells that build up before flaking off the skin.
- Crust: also known as a scab, a crust develops when dried blood accumulates on an irritated or scratched skin lesion.
- Scar: when the skin is cut, scraped, and scratched, it does not heal into healthy normal skin but it instead turns into a thick raised scar known as a keloid.
- Atrophy: It is fragile and thin-skinned lesion, mostly occurring among elderly people or people who use topical steroids for extended periods.
Treatment for Dermal Lesions
Treatment for skin lesions depends on the cause and type of lesion. Treatment ranges from oral medications, topical applications, and surgical removal.
Oral Medication and Topical Applications
These two types of treatment mainly address the infections and inflammation of the affected area. They also help in providing relief from itching, pain, and the burning sensation caused by the dermal lesion.
In case a skin lesion is infected, the infection has to be cleared first before opting for surgery. Some of the skin lesions that might require surgical removal are moles that change over time and malformed blood vessels known as hemangioma. They are usually removed through laser surgery.
You can get rid of skin lesions through oral medications, topical products, and surgery. All three ways of removal are efficient but only a skin specialist can suggest the best-suited treatment. He/she can recommend a treatment option according to the type of your lesion and the condition of your skin. Visit Dubai Cosmetic Surgery Clinic for skin lesion removal and get healthy skin. We offer a free initial consultation to all our patients. So, book your appointment now.