*Facts You Must Know
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Because of natural aging process and sun exposure, almost everyone gets dark spots on the skin. Some people develop large areas of discoloration. These dark patches are actually pigmentation that is caused by increased amount of melanin – dark pigment – in the skin. Pigmentation can happen to anyone regardless of skin type and color and can occur on any area of the body. However, various pigmentation treatment options to improve your skin’s appearance also available.
Signs & Symptoms
No specific symptoms are associated with pigmentation. Discoloration will occur on your skin in the form of dark brown patches. The skin also becomes rough and dehydrated.
There are various causes of pigmentation, which include:
- Excessive exposure to the sun
- Hormonal changes
- Certain medications
Various treatment options are available for reducing the appearance of pigmentation. These options include:
- Topical medications: This option is suitable for the superficial pigmentation that affects the top layer of skin only. The topical agent that is usually used to treat pigmentation is hydroquinone. Other options include retinoids, kojic acid and azelaic acid.
- Oral medications: Oral medications are also a treatment option for pigmentation but are suitable for certain kinds of discoloration only.
- Laser treatment: Laser treatment is also effective for reducing the pigmentation marks on the skin. Laser treatment not only removes the pigmented marks on the skin but also promotes skin regeneration and production of new collagen. Various kinds of lasers are available but alexandrite and fractional CO2 lasers are mostly used for treating pigmentation.
- IPL therapy: IPL (Intense Pulsed Light) is the most modern form of light based therapy. Besides number of other conditions, it is also effective for treating pigmentation. The light energy emitted by IPL device is converted into heat energy that destroys melanin – pigment in the skin that causes discoloration of skin.
- Chemical peels: Chemical peels are the most effective and non-invasive treatment option for pigmentation. The procedure involves applying chemical on the skin that peels off the upper layer of skin revealing new healthy and clear skin. Chemical peels are available in different strengths depending on the severity of condition.
Chemical peeling does not require any downtime and the recovery period is also short. You will be able to resume your daily routine just after the treatment. However, you may experience some side effects that are temporary and subside in a couple of days. Dryness, redness and flaky patches are some common side effects of chemical peeling. Recovery period and side effects vary depending on the type of peel.
There are many benefits of chemical peeling. These include:
- It is non-surgical and totally non-invasive treatment that is performed without using anesthesia.
- It is pain free procedure.
- No severe side effects are associated with this treatment.
- No downtime is associated with the procedure and recovery is also quick.
- The results become visible immediately after the treatment and are long lasting.
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