Home Skin Care Treatments in Dubai Skin Pigmentation Treatments in Dubai

Skin Pigmentation Treatments in Dubai

Dark spots on the skin can be a result of aging and sun exposure. These patches are caused by increased melanin – the dark pigment – in the skin. Excessive melanin leads to hyperpigmentation, resulting in darker skin spots.

Skin pigmentation problems are treatable due to advances in the medical-cosmetic field. With various hyperpigmentation treatments available, you can get rid of dark spots and achieve an even skin tone. However, your practitioner must first analyze your problem to determine the exact cause so that they can prescribe the most suitable treatment option.

Signs & Symptoms

The most common signs and symptoms of hyperpigmentation include

  • Black, brown, or even red patches on the skin, depending on the type and cause of hyperpigmentation.
  • Skin discoloration after injury or inflammation
  • Discolored patches turning darker with sun exposure
  • Darkening or enlargement of existing pigmented areas or spots

What are the causes of Hyperpigmentation?

The primary cause of hyperpigmentation is the excessive production of melanin. Factors that contribute to this condition include

  • Hereditary – Skin type, family history, and genetic predisposition to skin disorders are a few among various hereditary factors that make an individual more prone to developing hyperpigmentation.
  • Excessive exposure to the sun– The Sunlight invokes the body to produce more melanin which may lead to hyperpigmentation.
  • Hormonal changes – Fluctuations in hormones such as estrogen and progesterone, which can occur during pregnancy, menopause, or as a result of birth control pills, can contribute to hyperpigmentation.
  • Certain medications – Hyperpigmentation can be a side effect of various medications including cytotoxic drugs, tetracyclines, antimalarials, and some psychotropic drugs. Therefore, It is a good idea to discuss your medication with your dermatologist to rule out its tendency to cause hyperpigmentation or prevent this undesirable side effect.
  • Physical and Chemical Injuries – The pigmentation issue that occurs after physical or chemical injuries is called Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. It can also occur due to acne, eczema, psoriasis, or other inflammatory skin conditions.
  • Exposure to radiation – Patients undergoing radiation therapy, including cancer patients, may experience hyperpigmentation as a side effect, particularly in the treated area.
  • Scarring – Scars with pigmentation problems usually result from deep partial- and full-thickness burns, specific skin traumas, and surgical procedures. Scars on your body may become darker than the surrounding skin when too much melanin is produced in the scar tissues. Conversely, inadequate melanin production and distribution can cause a scar to appear lighter-pigmented compared to the surrounding skin.

Are you a Candidate?

You can be an ideal candidate for skin pigmentation treatment if you have the following skin conditions

  • Hypopigmentation or hyperpigmentation
  • Freckles
  • Melasma
  • Age Spots
  • Hyperpigmentation
  • Sunspots
  • Birthmarks
  • Sun-damaged skin


Preparing your skin before receiving the pigmentation treatment is essential for achieving desired results. To prepare for the procedure, you have to follow the following instructions.

  • Consult with your healthcare provider before making any changes to your medication regimen.
  • Stop using any skin-lightening agents, retinoids, or exfoliating products.
  • Get all the prescribed tests done.
  • Take prescribed medicines on time.
    Avoid excessive exposure to direct sunlight and use a broad-spectrum sunscreen to protect the skin, especially in the days leading up to the treatment.

Furthermore, it is important to speak to your doctor before undergoing the treatment if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or have a medical condition.

Pigmentation Treatment Options

Various treatment options are available for reducing the appearance of pigmentation. These options include

Topical medications

This option is suitable for superficial pigmentation that affects the top layer of skin. Hydroquinone is the topical agent usually considered for treating pigmentation in many parts of the world. Other options include azelaic acid, glycolic acid, kojic acid, and licorice extract.

Oral medications

Oral medications are also a treatment option for pigmentation, but they are suitable for certain kinds of discoloration only.

PRP microneedling

PRP microneedling may help in reducing hyperpigmentation for some individuals, but its effectiveness can vary and should be discussed with a dermatologist. Microneedling, or collagen induction therapy, reduces pigmentation by stimulating collagen production. And PRP boosts healing response and helps regulate melanin production. Together, PRP and microneedling work synergistically and may improve skin tone and reduce dark spots.

Laser treatment

Laser treatment for skin pigmentation can effectively reduce pigmentation marks on the skin. Not only can it remove the red-pigmented marks on the face, but it also promotes skin regeneration and collagen production. Lasers commonly used for treating pigmentation include alexandrite and fractional CO2.

IPL therapy

IPL (Intense Pulsed Light) therapy is a light-based treatment that can be effective for certain types of hyperpigmentation, but its suitability varies depending on individual skin type and the specific pigmentation issue. The light energy emitted by the IPL device is converted into heat energy that breaks down melanin into smaller particles that are eventually cleared by the body.

Chemical peels

Chemical peels are a non-invasive treatment that can be highly effective for pigmentation. The procedure involves applying chemicals on the skin that peels off the upper skin layer, revealing new, healthy, and less pigmented skin surfaces. Chemical peels are available in different strengths depending on the severity of the condition.


Microdermabrasion is a cosmetic treatment that gently exfoliates the outer layer of skin using an abrasive instrument, which can help in reducing superficial pigmentation.It can be an effective treatment for skin discoloration and sun damage, depending on the cause and extent of the problem.

Surgical correction

In rare cases, surgical options like excision or skin grafting might be considered for certain persistent or deep forms of hyperpigmentation, such as treatment-resistant hyperpigmentation or certain types of birthmarks. The types of pigmented marks typically requiring surgical correction include deep dermal melasma, congenital melanocytic nevi, treatment-resistant hyperpigmentation, or post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation that hasn’t responded to other treatments.

Which Machines Are Used?

The machines used to perform hyperpigmentation laser treatment are;


The recovery time and downtime after hyperpigmentation treatment significantly depend on the treatment procedure, skin type, and an individual’s skin response. Recovery time varies depending on the specific procedure. Generally, noninvasive or minimally invasive treatments like topical creams or light peels have minimal downtime, while more invasive procedures like deep peels or laser treatments may require a longer recovery period.

Treatment Benefits

There are many benefits of skin pigmentation treatment which include:

  • It is a non-surgical treatment that is performed without using anesthesia.
  • The procedures are generally well-tolerated, but some discomfort may be experienced depending on the treatment type.
  • Generally minimal side effects, but some treatments may have specific risks or side effects that should be discussed with a dermatologist.
  • Some treatments have minimal downtime.
  • Some treatments show immediate improvements.

What are the different types of hyperpigmentation?

Common types of hyperpigmentation include:

  • Age spots
  • Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (hyperpigmentation caused by injury, sun exposure, or a skin condition like acne)
  • Melasma (hyperpigmentation caused by hormonal imbalance or exposure to sunlight or heat)

How should I care for my skin after the treatment?

Regardless of the treatment, taking good care of your skin is necessary to prevent a reoccurrence of hyperpigmented spots. To maintain results and prevent further hyperpigmentation, it’s important to consistently use sunscreen, avoid excessive sun exposure, and follow a tailored skincare regimen as advised by your dermatologist.

Can hyperpigmentation be completely cured?

Although several treatment options are available to improve hyperpigmentation, they are not guaranteed to eliminate all pigmented spots. Some pigmentations fade on their own, while others may need treatments. Moreover, the extent to which hyperpigmentation can be reduced depends on the cause, the selected treatment option, the skin type, and the depth of the pigmentation.

Are there creams available for pigmentation?

Yes, there are various commercial creams available for pigmentation, including those containing hydroquinone, azelaic acid, and other skin-lightening agents. It’s important to consult a dermatologist to choose the right product for your skin type and condition.

Our Doctors

Nicole Zysk
Medical Aesthetician
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