*Facts You Must Know
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Acne is one of the most common skin conditions today, with a prevalence rate of 1 in 5 people. Some people are lucky enough to see it vanish as they grow old, others are not so fortunate. Even after the breakouts go away, they leave behind a visible reminder of acne in the form of red mark or a deep scar. Whatever the reason maybe behind you getting acne scars, be it your genes or your bad habit of picking at acne, the truth is, they are always unwelcome. The good news is that acne scars can be effectively treated in a number of ways, from do-it-yourself natural remedies to over-the-counter creams and ointments to various surgical and non-surgical cosmetic procedures.
Signs and Symptoms
Signs and symptoms of acne scars may be different for every patient and recognizing the signs helps getting an appropriate treatment before they ruin your skin. The first sign of acne scar appears after lesion or cyst heals in the form of change in color or texture. Color changes are mostly not scars but a condition called post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. It usually fades over time. If acne lesions become severely inflamed or filled with pus, skin becomes vulnerable to scarring. Scars may appear in the form of depressions in the skin called pitted scars and raised marks called superficial scars.
Causes of Acne
Acne scars are mostly the product of severely inflamed lesions like papule, cyst and pustule. When acne breakouts penetrate the skin deeply, they damage the skin tissues beneath. After the acne clears, body repairs this damage. During this healing process, collagen – an important substance that gives support to the skin – is produced. Too much or too little production of collagen leads to appearance of acne scars. The type of scar also depends on the amount of collagen produced.
- Depressed scars – Pits or depressions are formed on the skin when skin produces too little collagen during healing.
- Raised scars – Raised or superficial scars are formed when skin produces too much collagen.
Acne Treatment Methods
All the treatments are effective for treating acne scars depending on their severity and type but laser skin resurfacing is considered best among all options. This is the reason that it is the most demanded and frequently performed cosmetic procedure. Laser treatment comes in a variety of forms. The types of laser that are effective for treating acne scars are:
Acne Treatment Recovery
After the procedure is done, you may experience redness and swelling on the treated area just like mild sunburn. Your doctor will prescribe you topical cream to soothe the treatment area and reduce side effects. Your skin will be photosensitive after treatment. So, you will have to avoid excessive sun exposure. Wear sunscreen regularly to avoid sunburn or any other complication.
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