Rosacea Causes and Treatments

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Rosacea Causes and Treatments

If you look like you are blushing all the time, flushed or you keep on getting acne like bumps on your face it could be that you have a chronic inflammatory skin condition called rosacea. You will a qualified dermatologist to confirm this though.

Rosacea is frequently misdiagnosed and mistaken for other skin conditions such as skin allergies, acne or eczema.

Causes of rosacea

It yet to be known what exactly causes it but there are some things which play a role such as;

  • Blood vessels. Sun damage could cause the blood vessels in your face to widen which will make them more visible and red.
  • Rosacea is very likely to run in the family. If your mother has it then most probably you might have it too.
  • The bacteria which is called H. pylori and lives in the gut can sometimes raise the amount of gastrin which is a digestive hormone and cause the skin to look flushed.
  • You are also more likely to get rosacea if;
  • You are a woman
  • You have blonde hair, light skin and blue eyes
  • You are aged between 30 and 50
  • Someone in your family has rosacea
  • You smoke
  • You suffer from severe acne
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Symptoms of rosacea

These include;

  • Sensitive facial blood vessels. The blood vessels on the face when touched dilate easily sending the facial skin into hyper reactivity. They also react to other physical stimuli such as such sunlight.
  • Facial redness. The face looks like it is constantly flushed making it look red all the time.
  • Inflamed blood vessels. As rosacea progresses some blood vessels on the cheeks and nose swell and become more visible. This is known as telangiectasia. The facial skin can become blotchy at this point.
  • Papules, pimples, pustules and small spots sometimes appear on the face. This is known as inflammatory rosacea and it is often misdiagnosed as acne. The main difference however between it and acne is that acne has blackheads and inflammatory rosacea does not.

Types of rosacea

The four main types of rosacea are;

  1. Ocular rosacea. This type causes irritation and redness in the eyes causing the eyelids to swell.
  2. Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea is the flushing and redness of the skin due to visible blood vessels.
  3. Phymatous rosacea. This type causes the skin to thicken resulting in a bumpy texture.
  4. Papulopustular rosacea. This type resembles acne and involves breakouts, swelling, and redness.


Treatment for rosacea

Rosacea has no cure but there different treatments which can relieve its signs and symptoms;

  • These may be oral drugs, topical medication or a combination of the two. They help to reduce the redness and inflammation of the skin.
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  • Plastic surgery for rhinophyma (thickened skin). If a rosacea patient over time develops puffy cheeks and an enlarged nose he or she might have to undergo plastic surgery. This is done so as to remove excess tissue and remodel the nose.
  • Laser treatment. This is used for the patients who have visible blood vessels as the intense pulsed light can be used to shrink them.
  • Natural remedies. A simple lifestyle change can help control the symptoms. Minimizing exposure to things that might trigger it should do the trick.
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