Do you have dark patches on your forehead, cheeks, nose and chin? Is your skin tone becoming dull and dark? If yes then you need to take it serious as it can be melasma – a skin pigmentation disorder. Melasma is a common skin condition but is considered toughest to treat pigmentation disorder. Melasma does not cause any physical harm, but individuals may feel self-conscious about the way it looks and affects facial appearance. So, those who suffer from this condition seek its treatment for cosmetic reasons and not for medical reasons.
Well, when it comes to treating melasma, it is important to get knowledge of exactly what is melasma and what are its causes. This knowledge helps in treating the condition effectively. In this article, you will know about the causes and symptoms of melasma and effective treatment options.
Causes and symptoms of melasma
Melasma is dark discoloration that is found on sun-exposed areas, especially forehead, cheeks, nose, and chin. It can also appear on other parts that are exposed to sun including forearms and neck. Men can also suffer from this pigmentation disorder but it is more common in women. Melasma is basically caused by over production of melanin in the skin. Their production may be triggered because of various factors. These factors include:
- Heredity and hormonal imbalance: Heredity and hormonal imbalance, mostly caused during pregnancy, are the main reason behind melasma. This pigmentation disorder is given the name of “pregnancy mask” because it usually appears during pregnancy because of hormonal changes.
- Excessive sun exposure: Prolonged sun exposure is also one of the causes of melasma as sun triggers the production of melanin in the skin.
- Certain medications: Certain medications such as contraceptives, tetracycline and anti-malarial drugs derived from quinine may also cause melasma.
Treatments for melasma
Many treatment options are available for treating melasma. These options include topical medications, laser treatments and skin care treatments. Here we will discuss the most effective options for treating melasma.
Chemical peels: It is the treatment in which chemicals of different strengths such as glycolic acid, alpha hydroxyl acid, azelaic acid, TCA or phenols are used to peel off the uppermost damaged layer of the skin. This way new, lighter and healthier skin is revealed. Chemical peels are available in different types and strengths, depending on the strength of chemical used. TCA peels and cosmelan mask are mostly used for treating pigmentation disorders. Cosmelan mask is suitable for face only, however, TCA peel is beneficial for treating melasma on other parts of body as well.
Laser treatment: A number of lasers have been used in the treatment of melasma. Alexandrite laser is mostly used for treating melasma; however, fractional CO2 laser is also an effective option. Laser is effective for breaking down pigment accumulated even in deeper layers of skin. It uses intense, focused light to break down dark pigment in the skin. When done properly, lasers have best results for melasma treatment.
IPL (Intense Pulsed Light) therapy: IPL is the most effective treatment for melasma. Unlike lasers, IPL uses intense broadband light to break down the dark pigment and reduce melasma. Although, IPL delivers energy to both superficial and deep layers of the skin, the topmost layer is spared from any damage. Besides melasma, IPL is also effective for treating freckles and age spots.
If you also want to get rid of melasma, visit Dubai Cosmetic Surgery now with full confidence. We have highly experienced laser and skincare experts on board. Getting treatment in our clinic will not only improve the appearance of melasma but will prevent future recurrence as well. So, don’t delay scheduling a free online consultation with our experts. It takes less than a minute to fill the consultation form given below.