Most people get small dark spots due to sun exposure as they age but for some people it is different as they develop discoloration in patches on their face. This is not only uncomfortable for the hy
The dark discoloured patches on the skin are known as hyperpigmentation. Hyperpigmentation occurs when the pigment in the skin which is known as melanin forms deposits. The condition can happen to anyone irrespective of their skin color.
There are various factors which contribute to hyperpigmentation and some of them are;
Hyperpigmentation is not a dangerous skin condition and there are some cosmetic procedures which can actually help with treating it. These cosmetic procedures also help in the skin’s rejuvenation too.
Some of the treatment options include;
Intense Pulse Light Therapy (IPL)
IPL therapy also known as a photofacial is a non-ablative (fractional) laser treatment. It helps in the stimulation of collagen production in the skin. Flat spots respond better to IPL treatment although is used for overall pigmentation issues. It works best for fair skinned people. This treatment requires multiple sessions.
Microdermabrasion is a procedure that treats hyperpigmentation which affects only the epidermis. A handheld drill-like tool with an abrasive attachment is used during the procedure. It gently and rapidly removes the epidermis and multiple sessions are required to achieve the optimal results.
This type of treatment works best on superficial scars and works best on fair skinned people.
Dermabrasion works the same way as microdermabrasion only that it goes to a deeper level of the skin which is the dermis. Dermabrasion mainly addresses skin texture issues such as age spots, acne scars, injury scars, chickenpox scars, and sun damage. It is also used to smooth out wrinkles. During the procedure the top part of the dermis and the entire part of the epidermis is removed rather gently and rapidly.
It decreases hyperpigmentation faster that microdermabrasion.
Laser Peel (skin resurfacing)
A laser peel which is also a skin resurfacing treatment helps in getting rid of hyperpigmentation by through targeted beams of light.
There are two types of lasers and either of them can be used. The ablative laser and the non-ablative laser.
The ablative laser is more intense and stronger of the two lasers and it removes layers of your skin. It also has more side effects.
The non-ablative laser only targets the dermis in order to help in collagen production and skin tightening.
Both lasers however help in the growth of new skin cells, tighten and tone the skin.
A chemical peel reduces the appearance of hyperpigmentation by the use of concentration of acids to remove the epidermis. For more dramatic effects stronger concentrations of acids may be used to penetrate the skin at a deeper level. It is always best to consult your dermatologist beforehand so as to know which kind of chemical peel is best for your skin.
Always consult a qualified dermatologist before undergoing any cosmetic procedure.
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