Dark patches on the skin especially on the face are not a good thing to have especially if you really love to take care of your face. They can make you feel self-conscious and lower your self esteem. If you have dark patches or hyperpigmentation on your skin and especially face then you might be having melasma.
Melasma is a chronic skin condition which causes discoloration of the skin on face on the sun exposed parts like the cheeks, upper lip and forehead. The more melanin you have the more likely you are prone to melasma. It is also known as chloasma or mask of pregnancy when a pregnant woman gets it. It affects more women as opposed to men. Although malasma doesn’t hurt it makes someone who has it to be self-conscious.
Melasma causes dark patches of discoloration on the face or even on other parts of the body. It is symmetrical which means that matching marks occur on both sides of the face. The brownish colored patches usually appear on the chin, forehead, and cheeks and on the nose bridge.
There is no known specific cause for melasma but some risk factors include;
Melasma can be treated by topical creams which lighten up the dark patches. Dermabrasion, microdermabrasion and chemical peels are also treatment options. They lighten dark patches by scrapping away the skins top layers. Follow up visits are required for these treatments. In some cases malasma goes away on its own especially if it is pregnancy related.
Tranexamic acid is given orally and it helps with melasma and hyperpigmentation. It takes about 8-12 weeks to start seeing the results.
Some cases of melasma do not clear up after treatment but there are things that you can do so as to cope with the condition such as;
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