Proper sleep is as vital as breathing and eating for health and quality life. While sleeping, your body nurtures your physical and mental health and prepares you for another good day. Furthermore, the body also releases hormones that promote growth in children and adolescents during sleep. These hormones help in repairing cells and tissue and build muscle mass. Lack of sleep also affects your mind’s ability to work correctly, which affects your cognitive and emotional state. If you continuously lack sleep, it will lower your body’s defenses leading to an increased risk of developing chronic conditions. It will also create dark circles around your eyes, and you may need dark circles treatment to eliminate them.
Effects of Sleep Deprivation on the Human Body
In simple words, there are many disadvantages of inadequate sleep. Some of the body parts affected by sleep deprivation include:
Central Nervous System
The central nervous system is the information highway of your body. Enough sleep is essential to keep it working correctly. The brain rests active neurons and forms new pathways to make you ready for the next day. Furthermore, the brain also releases the growth hormones and the proteins that help repair cell damage also. Sleep deprivation leaves the brain exhausted, which prevents it from performing its tasks properly. It also affects your short-term and long-term memory and decision making power.
While sleeping, your immune system produces infection-fighting antibodies and cells, which help the body fight against foreign substances like bacteria and viruses. Due to sleep deprivation, your body won’t be able to fight invaders. Moreover, people experiencing sleep deprivation take longer to recover from diseases, and the risks of suffering from chronic diseases like diabetes and cardiovascular diseases also increase.
Sleep deprivation weakens the immune system that makes you more vulnerable to respiratory problems like influenza and cold. If you are already suffering from some lung disease, it can make the condition worse.
Sleep deprivation increases the production of stress hormones and lowers the production of leptin that tells your brain you have eaten enough food. Moreover, it also increases the levels of ghrelin – appetite stimulant. It is the reason that sleep deprivation is also one of the causes of obesity. Lack of sleep stimulates the release of higher levels of insulin after eating. It increases the risks of developing type 2 diabetes.
Lack of sleep also leads to some cardiovascular problems. Proper sleep is vital for your body’s ability to heal and repair your blood vessels. Not getting enough sleep can lead to chronic health conditions like high blood pressure, hypertension, and stroke.
The Bottom Line
In short, if you are not getting enough sleep, it can badly affect your health and also becomes the reason for chronic health conditions. So, make sure you have a balanced sleep cycle. Sleep for at least eight hours so that your brain can function properly, and your body gets enough rest. However, do not oversleep as it is also not good. Keep a balance so that you can lead a healthy life.