FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) as a hair transplant method is not as new as people may perceive. Currently there are numerous types of FUE in the market out of which the most common ones are:
- Manual FUE: This type FUE came to the market approximately nine years ago. (Between 2005 and 2006).
- Neograft FUE:It gained popularity around 2009-2010
- Motorized FUE: Has been around from 2010 to present
- ARTAS or Robotic FUE: Was launched in 2011-2012
The results and the success rates of hair transplantation are directly linked with the type of FUE used for the procedure. Below we expound on the common FUE methods as well as their advantages and disadvantages.
- Stem Cell FUE also known as Direct Automated FUE
Also known as Direct Automated FUE, Stem Cell is the latest form of FUE and is the most efficient and the most effective form of hair transplant till date.
- With automated FUE there is high speed and high precision harvesting. Up to 4000+ grafts can be harvested safely per session.
- Direct Implantation of harvested grafts eliminates growth failure rate
- Through ‘Micro-grafting’ technique, regeneration and regrowth of donor site happens within 3 to 6 months.
- 30% to 50% of harvested sites will regenerate and re-grow within 3 to 6 months.
- Manual FUE
- This type lacks speed and precision.
- The number of grafts harvested per session are limited – 1500 to 2000 maximum.
- The failure rate is 10% to 15% minimum.
- Neograft FUE
- Sinceup to 4000 grafts can be taken out, the average failure rate lies between 25% and35%.
- Unfortunately with Neograft FUE he donor area also getsdamaged
- There is no re-growth of harvested grafts from the donor site
- Motorized FUE
- This is most commonly used in countries such as Turkey, Pakistan, Iran and India.
- It is commonly associated with extensive donor area damage.
- Average failure rate of Motorized FUE is between 15% and 50%
- The results have low density; therefore multiple sessions might be required before the desired density can be attained.
- Uncontrolled harvesting leads to donor damage leaving the donor site without uniformity.
- Robotic FUE aka ARTAS
- In this technique, Robotic FUE is used as a substitute for the hand of a surgeon hence primarily utilized by surgeons who are inexperienced in this field.
- This technique is not capable of calibrating itself to adjust to different angles on the head hence un-necessary trauma will be induced to the donor site.
- Implantation and extraction of grafts needs to be done manually hence the results will be only as good as the team utilizing the device
- Mainly used as a ‘marketing gimmick’.
- Failure rate is between 15% and 25%
Extensive research on the procedure that the surgeon will useshould be a priority; if you want to have a successful hair transplant.