4 Causes of Alopecia in Females That You Must Know

4 Causes of Alopecia in Females

Alopecia is a medical term used for hair loss which is common among females. According to statistics, about one-third of women develop Alopecia at some point in their lives. They experience an unexpected and severe hair loss, leading to bald patches on the scalp. Alopecia in women creates a greater impact than men because baldness is not socially acceptable for females. Therefore, it is crucial to treat Alopecia on time. Although Alopecia cannot be cured permanently, it can be treated. 

There are various causes of female Alopecia that must be known for effective treatment. In this blog, we will discuss four major causes of Alopecia in women to help you learn more about it.

Causes of Alopecia in Females 

Enlisted below are some prominent alopecia causes in females

  • Genetics and Hormones 
  • Stress
  • Nutrition 
  • Thyroid Problems 

Genetics and Hormones 

Androgenic Alopecia is one of the types of Alopecia, also known as female pattern baldness in the case of women. Females with androgenic alopecia experience hair thinning and pattern baldness. The primary cause of this type of Alopecia is genetics and hormones. Women contain testosterone (male sex hormone) and estrogen (female sex hormone).

The imbalance between estrogen and testosterone causes Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) to trigger androgenic Alopecia in females. As a result, women start losing hair excessively. Also, a condition called polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) can cause hair thinning and loss.

Another type of Alopecia known as alopecia areata can occur due to genetics, according to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD). In this disease, the immune system destroys your hair follicles, leading to hair loss. 


Stress is also one of the significant causes of Alopecia in females. Telogen effluvium is a kind of Alopecia in which hairs shed excessively and become thin over time. The major causes of this disease are:

  • Stress
  • Medications 
  • Childbirth
  • Physical trauma
  • Restrictive dieting

Telogen effluvium is very common among women. In addition to this, alopecia areata can also be triggered by stress. 


Another major cause of Alopecia in women is nutritional deficiency, mainly low iron or vitamin D. You need to take good care of your diet rich in vitamins, proteins, and iron. You can consult with a physician to treat nutritional deficiencies. In this way, your hair will get a good chance to grow.

Thyroid Problems 

Thyroid problems are prevalent among women, and these issues can trigger Alopecia. The thyroid is basically a neck gland that regulates metabolism-related hormones. An overactive or underactive thyroid can cause Alopecia. Therefore, you should get a thyroid test if you are losing hair along with: 

  • Sudden weight changes 
  • Menstruation changes 
  • Low or high energy

Other Causes of Alopecia in Females

Some other possible causes of Alopecia in women can be: 

  • Hairstyles like tight ponytails or braids
  • Chemotherapy or radiation therapy 
  • Extreme physical stress or shock 
  • Medicines and supplements 


Several factors can cause Alopecia in females. Some significant reasons have been described above. If you think you have Alopecia, consult with a dermatologist at your earliest. If not treated on time, Alopecia can lead to permanent hair loss. Therefore, it is recommended to get treatment from an expert.  If you want to know more about Alopecia, its causes, and treatment options, visit Dubai Cosmetic Surgery Clinic today. Our hair specialists will examine your condition and identify the exact cause of Alopecia. Detecting the exact cause of Alopecia helps in treatment greatly. So, please book your appointment today by filling the online form or by calling us.