Full Tummy TuckFor a full tummy tuck, an incision will be made across the lower stomach in addition to the traditional incision around the belly button. From the surgical site, excess skin is snipped away while the muscles are tightened and liposuction is also utilized to shape the contours of the waist. In a full abdominoplasty loose skin is removed from the navel down to the pelvic area that is in excess due to pregnancies, hereditary factors or obesity.
Mini Tummy TuckFor a mini tummy tuck, a single incision of size varying from a few inches to all along the abdomen is made as low on the pelvic region as possible through which your plastic surgeon will excise loose skin, tighten flabby muscles and apply liposuction if necessary. A mini abdominoplasty candidate is ideally an individual who sports a protruding belly (loose skin and fat) below the belly button. This procedure is advised for those people who are in good health and as close as possible to their ideal weight but have come to discover that diet and exercise won’t help improving their body shape.
ProcedureOutlined below are the basic steps taken for tummy tuck surgery.
- The plastic surgeon will begin by marking out your abdomen with a marker to outline the locations of the incisions needed to be done; he/she will also mark the center of your torso and the new position of the navel.
- Then the anesthesia comes in where a solution of lidocaine (local anesthesia) and epinephrine (sedative that constricts blood vessels to close blood flow) will be inserted in to the abdomen.
- A primary incision will be made right above the pelvic bone extending from one hip to the other to the other and varying in length from patient to patient. Another incision might be made around the navel if the procedure is a full abdominoplasty.
- Next comes muscle tone enhancement and repair where the plastic surgeon will separate the skin covering the abdominal wall up to the lower ribs. Then using soluble stitches he/she will tighten the muscles by repositioning them gently.
- Once the muscles have been sutured, the liposuction bit comes in and the surgeon will make use of a cannula as per specification to remove excess fat by liposuction. Then the abdominal skin is pulled over the surgical site and the excess skin clipped away.
- Since the navel is a fixed body part, the surgeon will have to make a new hole through your stretched skin for your navel so it can fit in its new position.
- The surgery site is then closed either by medical staples, sutures, tissue glue or Steri-Strips.
- In the full tummy tuck procedure the placement of one or more drains to steadily remove fluid produced by the body is inserted strategically before wrapping the bandages. Body fluid created over wounds is the body’s way of keeping the wound free from infection but a buildup of fluid can also cause pressure on the closed incision and affect the final results. The drain is transparent plastic tube placed in a tiny incision below the main one which is attached to a small oval-shaped rubber bulb. The bulb fills up over time and every time you empty it is necessary to squeeze the bulb before screwing back onto the end of the tube.