Cosmetic surgery has advanced exponentially over the years to a point where a person can get any shape they desire and breasts are no exception. Many procedures have been developed for the enhancement of breast. The breast reconstruction technique can even reconstruct breasts that have been severed from the body for the treatment of breast cancer.
With breast augmentation technique, a woman can increase the size of her breasts and with reduction women can reduce the size of their breasts. With all these breast cosmetic surgery options you don’t have to worry about your breast problems anymore.
Reconstruction, Augmentation, and Reduction are three basic surgical techniques used to mold the shape of breasts. Each technique is used for a different purpose and has different uses. With the consultation of a surgeon, women can select the treatment best suited for them however, it all depends on needs and requirements of a person.
Following are the three basic surgical procedures with three different uses.
Breast augmentation is also known as augmentation mammoplasty and it is a surgery done to increase a person’s breasts. In this procedure implants are either placed under breasts or chest. Before going ahead with the surgery one should consult with their doctor to understand the risks and complication involved in the surgery.
To adjust the reduced breast size caused by pregnancy.
To improve the self-confidence.
To enhance the appearance of breasts by enlarging them.
To balance the size of two breasts if one is smaller than the other.
If there is another surgery performed on breasts then breast augmentation is performed to correct any unevenness.
Before surgery, the surgeon will describe specific types of implants to you such as saline, silicone, textured, smooth, round or teardrop shaped. The surgeon will also discuss the types of surgical techniques required for the procedure. You should consider the following things before deciding to go ahead with the surgery.
Before the surgery, your surgeon will suggest certain type of medications while restricting you from others so that you could prepare for your surgery. Any medication that increases bleeding will be restricted such as Aspirin. The surgeon will also tell you to stop smoking during the surgery.
The surgery is sometimes performed in a surgical center while some time in a hospital. The patient is allowed to go home on the day of the procedure and it is rarely required for a patient to stay in the hospital overnight. Breast augmentation is sometimes done through local anesthesia while other time it is done through general anesthesia.
There are various risks involved in the procedure such as:
During the procedure, the surgeon will make an incision and the incision will depend upon your need and wants. After making the incision the surgeon will insert an implant behind the nipple of your chest. Saline implants are inserted empty and once they are in place they are filled with sterile salt water. Silicone implants are already filled with silicone gel. After the implant is placed the surgeon will close the incision.
Soreness and swelling are expected to last for a couple of weeks after the surgery. There will be bruising and scars are expected that will fade over time. During your recovery time, you will need to wear the compassion bandages to support the positioning of your implant. Your surgeon will also prescribe pain medication to you to avoid any discomfort.
If your job is not a physically demanding one then you are expected to return to your work within a few weeks. During your recovery time, your breasts will be sensitive to physical contact as well as irregular movements. If drainage tubes are inserted near your breasts then you will be needing another appointment after the surgery for their removal.
Breast augmentation will alter the shape of your body and will improve your body image as well as self-esteem. Don’t always expect perfection because you can’t always get your desired results. Even after the surgery, the shape of your breasts will constantly change due to weight fluctuation as well as aging. If you are not satisfied with the results then you might need another surgery for correction.
The procedure is also known as reduction mammoplasty and it is a procedure used to remove excess fat, skin, and tissue from the breasts. If you have large breast and they are creating difficulties for you then you should consider breast reduction surgery.
The surgery will help you in improving your self-confidence and well as your physical attribute. If you are thinking about breast reduction surgery then consult with a board certified surgeon so that he or she could tell you about the possible risks and complications associated with the procedure.
There are certain problems related to larger breasts which can tackled with breast reduction surgery like:
The surgery is not recommended to people who smoke, want no scars on their breasts, have a very large amount of fats in their bodies and suffer from diabetes or heart problems.
The surgery is not recommended for people who have planned:
Weight loss: If you are planning to lose your weight through dieting and exercise then you should wait till you get your desired weight and then go for the breast reduction surgery. Fluctuations in your weight can change the size of your breasts.
Pregnancy: If you are planning on getting pregnant then wait till it is not an issue. Pregnancy can affect the shape of your breasts. Breast reduction surgery might make breastfeeding difficult but there are several surgical techniques that can prevent it.
There are a couple of steps that the surgeon will take before going ahead with the surgery.
The technique used for different procedures vary from person to person, however, there are some basic steps which are the same for all of these techniques such as:
The surgeon will try to balance your breasts so that both could have the same size but there is a chance of variation between the size of two breasts as well as the areola. The scar made during the incision will fade away with time but won’t completely disappear.
Breast reduction is a major surgery and like any other surgery, there are risks involved in the procedure such as infection, bleeding or reaction to anesthesia.
A successful breast reduction surgery will relieve you from your back, neck and upper shoulder pain. Your self-confidence will rise and you will be able to participate in more activities than ever before. The results of surgery will be immediately visible but it will take some time for swelling to completely fade away. The final result that you get after the swelling fades will be permanent.
Mastectomy is a procedure in which one or both breasts of a woman are removed to prevent breast cancer. It can be very painful for a woman to lose her breasts and many women will think that their life is over but with breast reconstruction, a woman can regain her breasts after cancer treatment.
The goal of this surgery is to reconstruct the breasts after lumpectomy or mastectomy. During a mastectomy, the breast of a woman along with nipple and areola is surgically removed to prevent breast cancer. Lumpectomy is a procedure in which small tumors are removed along with a small parts of breast.
Depending on the condition of a patient, there are many factors to determine the type of breast reconstruction best suited for a woman.
There are two main types of breast reconstruction surgery.
Skin flap or autologous surgery: In this procedure tissues from another part of the body are harvested and planted into the breasts.
Prosthetics or Implants: In this type of surgery silicone or saline implants are used to reconstruct the breasts.
Both techniques can also be used alone or together for better and more natural results. Nipple area is also reconstructed through some techniques if it has been removed during the surgery.
Now the question is which type of implants to use? Which type of breast reconstruction to choose; skin flap surgery or implant?
For this type of surgery, tissues are taken from another part of the body and are used to make breasts. Usually, the tissues used in the procedure are taken from the abdomen but they can also be taken from other parts such as the back, buttocks, and thighs.
Skin flap surgery is very complex because in this type of surgery, tissues are taken from one part of the body and are implanted into other parts of the body. One of the two methods known for skin flap surgery are Pedicle Flap surgery and Free flap surgery.
In this type of surgery, the tissue being used is not completely cut off from all of its blood vessels before the transplant. The tissue remains attached to the body and it is rotated to a new angle to create the breast. This procedure is done when tissue is being taken from back or abdomen.
In this type of surgery, tissues are removed along with surrounding blood vessel so that it could be placed in the target location. These blood vessels are then sewed to the blood vessel of the target location. A microscope is used for sewing the blood vessel and the procedure is a long one.
In breast reconstruction, the implant used is made up of silicone and saline. This implant is inserted below the skin where the breast was located.
Mostly the procedure is done in two steps. The first step of the procedure involves placing a tissue expander below the breasts. It acts as a temporary implant and gradually stretches the skin of a person. Sterile saline or saltwater is injected into the expander on daily basis. This procedure is repeated until the woman is satisfied with the size.
When the tissue of breasts are healed and enough saline water is added to the expander then a second surgery is performed. In the second surgery tissue expander is removed and saline or silicone breast implants are added. For this second surgery, the original scar is reopened and no new scars are created.
Breast reconstruction is a major surgery and like any other major surgery, there are risks involved in the surgery. The receiver of operation is usually expected to spend a couple of days in the hospital. More than one surgery might be needed for the desired results. Usually, it takes more time to recover from a skin flap than an implant.
The normal full recovery time is two months but it might take longer than that in some cases. During this time of recovery, the patient may experience restriction in the movement to some extent. You may also experience fatigue, soreness, bruising. Swelling might also occur in the location from which tissue has been taken in a skin flip and pain might also occur in breasts.
There some risks involved in the procedure although most of these risks are common in most of the major surgeries such as:
In case of any problem, you might need an extra treatment.
After the surgery, your self-confidence will rise and you will feel more liberated. Losing your breast could be painful and will get you in severe depression but with the help of breast reconstruction surgery you can overcome it. The three treatments Augmentation, Reduction, Reconstruction described above are different in many ways. Their procedure is different, their results are different and finally, their needs are totally different from each other.
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