Port Wine Stains Treatment

Port wine stains is a skin discoloration that usually appear during infancy. One to two percent of every infant is born with port wine stain. This skin discoloration can appear on anyone regarding the gender. Port wine stain can be caused when an area of the skin does not have any sufficient supply of nerve fibers which can cause small blood vessels called capillaries to expand. The expanding of these capillaries can be caused by great amounts of blood flow to the blood vessels causing a red or pinkish stain to appear underneath the skin. Port wine stain is a type of birthmark that belongs to the vascular birthmark side.  You would know a newborn infant can have one when he is born with a visible, flat and pink patches than may appear on any sides of the infant’s body. This type o0f birthmark will continue to grow and darken as the baby grows; this is why a constant checking on the area with melasma is very much important. Port wine stains are permanent birthmarks that do not fade. This can even remain the same over time or worst can thicken progressively which can develop into small ridges and bumps on the skin that can eventually cause complications especially on some parts of the body.

Steps in Treating a Port Wine Stain:

  • Parents who have new born babies need to get their babies checked and diagnosed if the appearance of any red birthmarks is located.
  • Once the pediatrician confirms that it is indeed a port wine stain, the next big step is to get a skin biopsy depending on the area where the birthmark is located.
  • In very unusual cases, an intraocular pressure test or an x-ray of the skull may be required.
  • Tests stated above are very much important especially to growing babies who appear to have it near their eyes, nose and mouth for in the long run when their port wine stain grows wider and thicker it can cause complications like blindness, lack of oxygen intake, the possibility of not being able to eat right and can be a hindrance to everyday activities.
  • Treatment at an early age is advisable as well for as the stain gets older, it can be more difficult to treat as well.
  • Laser treatments are the best type of treatment for this kind of skin discoloration.
  • Laser treatment is best for port wine stains that appear on the face compared when they occur elsewhere on the body like the arms, legs and tummy area.
  • Laser treatment requires continues treatment to keep the stain from coming back. Port wine stain being a permanent birthmark cannot be lasered out for good.
  • A person with port wine stain needs to get laser done every time the stain grows back.
  • After laser treatments, patients are required to follow strict regimen to keep the effect last longer and with no added complications.
  • Areas after treatment should never be exposed to excessive sunlight.
  • When infection occurs, immediately seek your dermatologist’s help.