Melasma is a skin discoloration that can often be found on the facial region. The appearance of Melasma is common among women in their early to late twenties. The biggest factor that causes this kind of skin discoloration is the excessive exposure to the heat of the sun. A person can assess himself if he has melasma when brown or tan spots start to appear on the surface of the skin. Melasma is also called a hyperpigmentation of the skin where often times it develops during the summer and can be less visible in the winter or cold season. Melasma commonly appears on the central face, cheekbones and jawline where the sun usually hits the face first. It has been stated that melasma is not often common among men and that 80% of person affected by this type of skin discoloration are women. Women of Latin, Asian and Middle Eastern descents are most likely prone to melasma compared to Caucasian women.