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Hemangiomas

hemangiomas

Hemangiomas are tumors congenital which usually occur during infancy. This usually happens when a mother is pregnant and abnormal blood vessels group together in the placenta during gestation. These can be found on the skin or internal organs. The liver is the common organ where this tumor usually forms. Hemangiomas look like a strawberry mark that swells on the skin. There are no other factors that can cause this tumor to appear but according to researchers this can be caused by the overgrowth of special cells called endothelial that usually line the skin’s blood vessels. These can appear so many shapes and colors which may grow inside the body or outside on the skin, most commonly on the head and neck area. This tumor can more likely grow on female babies versus the male infants for unknown reasons. In the first weeks of the baby’s life, better check for possible formation of red marks which can eventually lead to a tumor called Hemangioma and plan the best treatment as soon as possible.

Negative Consequences of Having Hemangioma:

  • This can cause lowered self-esteem especially if the red mark eventually starts to grow bigger and is situated on the face area where it can be really prominent.
  • It can be life-threatening when it grows in the internal organs, deep muscles and bones.
  • It can cause interference with eating, breathing, seeing, speaking and hearing when tumor grows on areas of the mouth, nose, eyes and ears.
  • It is life threatening when newly born infants are found to have more than three hemangiomas in their body.
  • The most serious negative consequence to having this type of tumor is when it is situated inside the brain which can affect the entire process of a person’s motor skill like speech, walking and such.

Different Types of Hemangioma:

  • Capillary hemangioma – the most common type of hemangioma that is made up of small capillaries that are normal in size and diameter but can be high in number. This is often referred to as superficial because of its proximity to the surface of the skin. This can also appear typically brighter red in color and can be either small or large.
  • Cavernous hemangioma – this is made up of larger blood vessels that are dilated or widened in appearance. The blood vessels are not as closely packed and the spaces in between them are filled with blood.
  • Compound hemangioma- this is a mix of the capillary and cavernous types of hemangioma.
  • Lobular capillary hemangioma- are small, red bumps that often appear on the hands, face, and arms. These type contain so many blood vessels that they bleed easily with just a mild contact.

Hemangioma Treatments:

  • Steroids –this can slow down the growth of the lesion especially when the lesion is starting to cause functional impairment on certain organs and body parts.
  • Lasers – this can completely remove the lesion and treat complications it has caused.
  • Surgery – this type of treatment is the best option for achieving the highest results of removing the hemangioma completely.